Google Doodle Honors Discoverer of Blood Groups Karl Landsteiner

Google Doodle Honors Discoverer of Blood Groups Karl Landsteiner

Landsteiner may not be a household name but his work that made blood transfusion safer has helped millions of people lead longer healthier lives. Well, it's all because Karl Landsteiner, and Austrian and American biologist discovered the blood groups in 1901.

As a result of his groundbreaking discovery, the first successful blood transfusion was conducted just six years later, in 1907, according to Google.

Wikimedia Commons Karl Landsteiner in his laboratory in the pathological institute of the University of Vienna.

And, in 1937, he identified with Alexander Wiener the Rhesus factor, which enabled physicians to transfuse blood without endangering the patient's life.

He found that different blood types have different antigens, substances that stimulate an immune response.

Dubbed the "Father of Transfusion Medicine", Landsteiner's contributions to the medical field and humanity's progression as a whole- has been recognized by several prestigious awards, such as the Prize Aronson in 1926 and the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1930.

Landsteiner on observing this discovered the different types of antigens present on human red blood cells and classified them into four main blood groups.

Landsteiner is also credited with laying the groundwork, together with fellow scientist Erwin Popper, that led to the discovery of the polio virus.